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Introduction to Corporate Governance in Nigeria – Series 1


Corporate governance is a fundamental aspect of business operations, encompassing the policies and practices that govern the way a company is directed and controlled. It ensures transparency, accountability, ethical practices, effective management, and sustainable growth. In Nigeria, the Federal Government introduced the Nigerian Code of Corporate Governance in 2019, aiming to establish good corporate governance practices in the economy’s public and private sectors.

Brief History of Corporate Governance

The concept of corporate governance has evolved over time in response to corporate scandals and global financial crises. It gained prominence in the late 20th century with high-profile cases such as Enron and WorldCom, which exposed corporate misconduct and the need for stronger governance mechanisms. The resulting reforms and regulations emphasized accountability, transparency, and the role of independent directors in overseeing management.

Regulatory Framework and Governing Bodies

Corporate governance in Nigeria is governed by several regulatory bodies, each playing a vital role in enforcing governance standards and issuing codes and guidelines. These regulatory bodies include:

  1. Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC): The CAC oversees the incorporation, registration, and regulation of companies in Nigeria. It ensures compliance with legal and regulatory requirements related to corporate governance.
  2. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC): The SEC regulates the capital market in Nigeria and ensures compliance with governance standards for public companies, including disclosure requirements, investor protection, and market integrity.
  3. Nigerian Exchange Group (NGX): The NGX is the Nigerian stock exchange and promotes transparent and efficient capital markets. It sets listing rules and monitors compliance with governance standards for companies listed on the exchange.
  4. Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN): The CBN regulates the banking and financial sector, issuing guidelines and codes specific to the industry to ensure effective governance, risk management, and financial stability.

Importance of Secretarial Services in Corporate Governance

Secretarial services play a crucial role in ensuring companies’ compliance with legal and regulatory requirements and maintaining strong corporate governance practices. Some of the key responsibilities and importance of secretarial services include:

  1. Proper Documentation: Secretarial services ensure accurate and up-to-date documentation of key corporate records, such as minutes of board meetings, resolutions, and statutory registers. This documentation demonstrates compliance with governance requirements and provides an essential reference for decision-making and legal purposes.
  2. Organizing Board Meetings: Secretarial services help organize and coordinate board meetings, ensuring compliance with notice and quorum requirements. They play a crucial role in preparing meeting agendas, distributing materials, and recording minutes, facilitating effective decision-making and transparency.
  3. Accurate Record-Keeping: Secretarial services maintain accurate and comprehensive records of company activities, including financial statements, shareholder information, and regulatory filings. This record-keeping ensures transparency, facilitates audits, and demonstrates compliance with governance and reporting obligations.
  4. Demonstrating Compliance: Secretarial services help companies demonstrate compliance with corporate governance standards, codes, and regulations. They ensure that governance practices align with the Nigerian Code of Corporate Governance and sector-based codes, providing assurance to investors, stakeholders, and regulatory bodies.


At Highlaw Chambers, we possess extensive knowledge and expertise in corporate governance matters in Nigeria. Our team of legal professionals is well-versed in Nigerian regulations, including the Nigerian Code of Corporate Governance, sector-based codes, and international best practices. We understand the history and evolution of corporate governance and the role of regulatory bodies in enforcing governance standards. By providing comprehensive secretarial services, we ensure that companies comply with governance standards, maintain proper documentation, and thrive in a competitive business environment.


  1. Companies and Allied Matters Act, 2020.
  2. Securities and Exchange Commission Act.

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